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Bemanning 2468, 565e Bombardement Squadron

Bemanning 2468, 565e Bombardement Squadron


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Bemanning 2468, 565e Bombardement Squadron

Deze foto toont Bemanning 2468 van het 565th Bombardment Squadron. De bemanning ging verloren tijdens een aanval op Berlijn op 13 juni 1944

Veel dank aan Phil Smith voor het verstrekken van deze foto.


Marvin Moskou

De volgende informatie heeft betrekking op een militair die geclassificeerd blijft als vermist in actie.

Marvin Moskou
Rang: Eerste Luitenant
Servicenummer: O-734818
Datum ontbreekt: 18-11-1943
Eenheid: 565th Bombardement Squadron 389th Bombardment Group (Zwaar)
Dienstafdeling: US Army Air Force
Vermeld op muur/tablet: Cambridge American Cemetery
Rozet op zijn plaats:

MACR: 2885
MACR:
Airco-type:
Airco serie:

Herstelbaarheidsstatus: mogelijk herstelbaar
Volgende stappen: Airco voor het laatst gezien op 58 50N 10 45E. Vraag IDPF's om te bepalen of er resten zijn teruggevonden. Neergestort in de buurt van land. Mogelijke herstelinspanningen onder water zijn nodig.

Dit onderzoeksmateriaal over Missing In Action-soldaten is gegenereerd en samengesteld door het MIA Recovery Network en gepubliceerd in samenwerking met de Army Air Corps Library and Museum. Dit materiaal is beschikbaar zodat onafhankelijke historici en onderzoekers deze informatie kunnen gebruiken in hun onderzoek. Als u meer materiaal aan dit bestand kunt bijdragen, neem dan CONTACT met ons op.

We zijn op zoek naar . Foto's, Morning Reports, After Action Reports en andere documenten. We zijn geïnteresseerd in specifieke informatie over deze eenheid: 565th Bombardment Squadron 389th Bombardment Group (Heavy) op zoek naar Marvin Mosco.

U kunt de inspanningen van MIA Recovery en het publiceren van voortgezet onderzoek steunen via een DONATIE. Bedankt.


Bemanning 2468, 565e Bombardement Squadron - Geschiedenis

Army Air Corps - Army Air Forces Historical Association
http://www.aafha.org/

15e Air Force organigram vanaf oktober 1944
http://www.frankambrose.com/pages/chart.html

7e
"Mors Ab Alto"
(Dood van bovenaf)

Een eerbetoon aan Frederic N. Hernandez
http://dainthecbi.com/

11e
"Progressio Sine Timore Aut Praejudicio"
(Vooruitgang zonder angst of vooroordelen)

11th Bombardement Group Heavy (H) "The Grey Ganzen"
http://11thbombgroup.org/

28e
"Bewaker van het Noorden"

Foto's van Alaska - Aleoetenschiereiland en eilanden - Tweede Wereldoorlog
http://www.eubank-web.com/Donald/Aleutian/

44ste
"De Vliegende Achtballen"

90th Bomb Group "The Jolly Rogers" in Australië
http://home.st.net.au/

93ste
"Het reizende circus"

308ste
"Percussus Resurgo"
(Als ik neergeslagen ben, sta ik weer op)

B24.NET - WWII B-24 Liberator Bomber & POW Stalag Luft Camps
http://www.b24.net/

446e
"De Bungay Buckaroos"
"Voler Venger Vaincre"
(Vlieg Wraak Veroveren)


Norbert “Geb” Gebhard – B-24 Piloot, 389th Bomb Group

Geb Gebhard nam dienst bij het Army Air Corps in de zomer van 1941. Op 10 maart 1943 studeerde hij af van de pilotenopleiding, kreeg hij de opdracht en trad hij toe tot het 565th bomb squadron van de 389th bomb group als co-piloot van de B-24 “Sack Tijd Sally". Op 1 augustus 1943 namen hij en zijn bemanning deel aan de beruchte aanval op lage hoogte op de Ploesti-olievelden in Roemenië. Volgens Geb waren van de 178 vliegtuigen die die ochtend opstegen, er slechts 33 geschikt om de volgende dag een gevechtsmissie uit te voeren. Geb en zijn bemanning hadden het geluk dat ze het zonder schrammetje hadden overleefd.

Kort daarna werd hij eerste piloot van de “Scorpion” en maakte enkele avontuurlijke missies mee. Op een missie naar Leghorn, Italië, raakte het vliegtuig zonder brandstof en moesten Geb en zijn bemanning een noodlanding maken op het eiland Sardinië. Ze wisten dat er nog Duitsers op het eiland waren, maar wisten niet waar. Gelukkig waren de Duitsers op dat moment aan het evacueren naar het vasteland van Italië, en dus misten ze eventuele ongelukkige aanlopen.

Geb was ook getuige van een frontale aanval van Duitse jagers van dichtbij nadat zijn groep Ludwigshafen op 7 januari 1944 had gebombardeerd. Hij vloog plaatsvervangend lood (net rechts en achter de leider van de formatie) toen hij een Duitse FW190 de loodschip “Trouble” van 12 uur hoog. De voorkant van het vliegtuig ontplofte alle voorste bemanningsleden waren op slag dood. Met de piloten dood en een vleugel in brand, zwenkte "Trouble" gewelddadig naar Geb's vliegtuig, waarbij Geb en zijn bemanning bijna meegingen in zijn dodelijke spiraal. Geb en zijn piloot waren in staat om "Trouble" ternauwernood te ontwijken en gingen verder naar huis, twijfelend of iemand het had overleefd. Pas 60 jaar later hoorde Geb dat schutter Robert Sweatt de explosie van het vliegtuig had overleefd, in Frankrijk was geland, Duitse soldaten drie maanden op de grond had ontweken en uiteindelijk zijn weg terug naar Engeland had gevonden. Ze kwamen weer met elkaar in contact nadat in 2004 een artikel over Robert verscheen in een 389e nieuwsbrief. Geb overleefde 25 missies boven vijandelijk gebied, is een trotse grootvader, en hoewel zijn eerste twee vrouwen helaas zijn overleden, is hij al meer dan 15 jaar aan zijn derde vrouw.


Abood, Calabro en Shady

De programmabijeenkomst in november voor de Bridgeville Area Historical Society was een uitstekende presentatie door Georgeanne Abood Henson over drie zeer speciale leden van de Greatest Generation - haar grootvader, George Abood zijn neef, George Shady en hun jeugdvriend en buurman, Peter Calabro. Deze drie jonge mannen groeiden samen op in de wijk Baldwin Street, dienden als bemanningsleden van de luchtmacht in de Tweede Wereldoorlog, werden neergeschoten en belandden in hetzelfde krijgsgevangenenkamp.

De spreker begon haar gesprek met George Shady. Hij bevond zich op Hethel Air Base, nabij Norwich, Engeland, in de zomer van 1943, toen de 389th Bombardment Group arriveerde vanaf Lowry Air Force Base in Colorado. Hij werd ingedeeld bij het 565th Heavy Bombardment Squadron van die groep. Sergeant Shady was radio-operator en schutter met kogelgeschut op een B-24 Liberator, de '8220Swamp Angel'8221. Tijdens hun achttiende missie, op 22 februari 1944, werd hun vliegtuig zwaar beschadigd door vier Luftwaffe-jagers boven Brunswick, Duitsland. Met de Swamp Angel in brand, sprong de bemanning eruit.

Het officiële Air Force Missing Air Crew Report vermeldde sergeant Shady als '8220slecht verbrand'8221. Hij kwam in vijandelijke handen terecht en verhuisde naar Stalag IX-C, bij Leipzig. Zes maanden en drie kampen later was hij bij Stalag Luft IV, in Gross Tychow, Pommeren (nu Tychowo, Polen) met achtduizend andere geallieerde piloten. De spreker liet een aantal van zijn gecensureerde brieven naar huis zien.

Zijn neef, Sergeant George Abood, was ook een bemanningslid (linker taille schutter) op een B-24, de '8220Yankee Rebel'8221. Zijn eenheid, het 567th Heavy Bombardment Squadron, maakte deel uit van de 389th Bombardment Group, eveneens gestationeerd op vliegbasis Hethel. Mevr. Henson toonde verschillende foto's van Abood en Peter Calabro, die samen in een trainingskamp in Florida waren geweest voordat ze naar het buitenland werden verscheept. Het gevechtsrecord van Sergeant Abood omvatte acht missies voordat de Yankee Rebel op 25 juli 1944 boven St. Lo, Frankrijk werd neergeschoten. Twee daarvan waren missies op andere B-24's, The “Flying Greenhouse'8221 en “Heavy Datum'8221.

Toen zijn vliegtuig werd geraakt en in brand vloog, was sergeant Abood het eerste bemanningslid dat eruit sprong. De tweede raakte met zijn parachute verstrikt in de staart van het vliegtuig en kwam om toen het in brand vloog. Bij toeval was correspondent Ernie Pyle getuige van dit incident vanaf de grond en rapporteerde het in zijn wekelijkse column en later in zijn bestseller, “Brave Men'8221. Na te zijn gevangengenomen, werd Abood naar Stalag VI gestuurd in wat nu Litouwen is. Uiteindelijk werd hij overgeplaatst naar Stalag Luft IV. In een van de brieven van sergeant Shady naar huis staat een verklaring dat hij 'goed voor Boots'8221 zorgde (de bijnaam van George Abood).

In tegenstelling tot de twee neven was Peter Calabro bemanningslid op een B-17, '8220Phyllis'8221. Hij werd ingedeeld bij het 340th Heavy Bombardment Squadron van de 97th Bombardment Group van de Twelfth Air Force, vliegend vanaf de Amendola Air Base, die deel uitmaakte van het enorme Foggia-complex in het zuidoosten van Italië. Sergeant Calabro was een schutter in de taille/top turret. Tijdens zijn dertigste missie, op 20 september 1944, werd zijn vliegtuig zwaar beschadigd bij een aanval op Boedapest. Ze doken tot 5000 voet om de branden te blussen en de bemanning in staat te stellen zich te redden boven Banjaluka, Joegoslavië.

Volgens het Missing Air Crew Report heeft geen van de bemanningsleden het overleefd. De spreker liet het eigenlijke telegram zien dat de familie Calabro van het Ministerie van Oorlog had ontvangen met de mededeling dat hun zoon was vermoord. Dit werd zelfs gemeld in onze middelbare schoolkrant, de Bridger. Gelukkig kreeg de familie een paar maanden later weer een telegram waarin stond dat hij nog in leven was, een krijgsgevangene.

Calabro werd gedurende enkele maanden van het ene krijgsgevangenenkamp naar het andere overgebracht en belandde uiteindelijk midden november in Stalag Luft IV, waar hij werd herenigd met Abood en Shady. Dit enorme kamp was onderverdeeld in kleinere eenheden, Calabro en Shady, waar Abood samen was in een andere. Op de een of andere manier slaagde Calabro erin om met Abood te wisselen, zodat de neven en nichten samen konden zijn.

Begin 1945, toen het Russische leger vanuit het oosten naderde, begonnen de Duitsers de gevangenen naar het westen te verplaatsen. Sergeant Calabro maakte deel uit van een groep die acht dagen in een trein doorbracht die werd overgebracht naar een kamp in Moosburg, in de buurt van Neurenberg, in Midden-Duitsland. De neven hadden niet zoveel geluk dat ze gedwongen werden om deel te nemen aan de '8220Zwarte Mars'8221.

Dit was een beproeving van vijfhonderd mijl te voet die twee maanden duurde, vaak in sneeuwstormen, en uiteindelijk eindigde bij Stalag XI-B in Fallingsbostel, in het noorden van Midden-Duitsland. Inmiddels waren de gevangenen er slecht aan toe, de meesten waren al een derde van hun normale gewicht kwijt. Velen van hen overleefden de verschrikkelijke beproeving niet. Ongeveer halverwege de mars werd Shady doodziek. Hij crediteert Abood met het dragen van hem de rest van de weg.

Uiteindelijk werden ze alle drie door de geallieerden gerepatrieerd, weer gezond gemaakt en naar hun huizen teruggebracht. Het echt goede nieuws is het feit dat alle drie de mannen terugkeerden naar het burgerleven, gezinnen grootbrachten en rolmodelburgers werden. Ondanks de verschrikkingen die ze hebben meegemaakt, heeft elk van hen zijn persoonlijke trauma's weten te overwinnen. George Abood had een lange carrière bij Universal Cyclops, waaronder een leidende rol bij de United Steelworkers. George Shady exploiteerde Shady's8217s Bar and Grill op Washington Avenue in het centrum van Bridgeville. Peter Calabro bouwde zijn bandenbedrijf uit zijn jeugd uit tot wat vandaag de dag het meest succesvolle autoservicebedrijf in de regio is.

De presentatie van mevrouw Henson, twee dagen voor Thanksgiving, was een levendige herinnering aan de mensen van mijn generatie hoeveel we te danken hebben aan de generatie die ons voorging. Naast het redden van de wereld voor democratie, hebben ze de rest van hun leven als positieve rolmodellen voor de volgende generaties gediend.

Veel dank aan Georgeanne Henson voor het herinneren van hun bijdragen. Een brochure op basis van haar opmerkingen en artefacten zou een mooi project zijn voor de Historische Vereniging.

Er zal in december geen presentatie van de Historische Vereniging zijn, maar u wordt uitgenodigd om het Geschiedeniscentrum te bezoeken en uw exemplaar van de 2020-kalender te kopen. Opnieuw hebben Karen Godwin en Ryan Thomazin de handen ineen geslagen om een ​​kalender vol relevante lokale geschiedenis en foto's te produceren.

Na de vakantie gaat het Genootschap terug naar haar winterrooster. Op zondag 20 januari 2020 bespreekt Dana Del Bianco “Roza Shanina, een Sovjet-sluipschutter in WO II'8221, in de Chartiers Room, Bridgeville Volunteer Fire Department.


Bemanning 2468, 565e Bombardement Squadron - Geschiedenis

Amerikaanse militaire eenheden die in WO II hebben gediend

Naam beginnend met (5)

Voor informatie over een van de onderstaande namen kunt u uw verzoek indienen bij [email protected]

Voor informatie over de World War II History Center Research Database, klik hier.

Voor informatie over het Tweede Wereldoorlog History Center, klik hier.

5e Pantserdivisie 59 60 193 375 382 437 664 831

5de Bataljon van de Ingenieur, US Marines 115

5de Speciale Brigade van de Ingenieur 148 384

5e Evacuatie Ziekenhuis 580

5e Bataljon Veldartillerie 557

5e Infanterie Divisie 37 60 248 375 382 406 464 557 663 831

5e Marine Defensie Bataljon 753

5e Marine Divisie 78 115 152 161 185 401 552 753

5de Marien Regiment, 1st Mariene Afdeling 145 156 279 287 330 374 584 632 753

5e Pioneer Bataljon, Amerikaanse mariniers 115 217

5e Ranger Bataljon 53 243 384 403 476 839

5e Tankvernietiger Groep 437

50ste Bataljon van de Ingenieur, 7de Infanterie Regiment 447

50e Troop Carrier Wing 893

51ste Pantserinfanteriebataljon, 4de Pantserdivisie 534

51ste Bataljon Gevechtsingenieur 129 482 557

51e Composite Verdedigingsbataljon 106

51st Troop Carrier Wing 482 893

52e Pantserinfanteriebataljon 557

52e Gevechtsgroep 104 290 292 757 765

52e Troop Carrier Wing 482 893

53e Pantserinfanteriebataljon, 4e Pantserdivisie 95 557 893 901

53e Troop Carrier Wing 893

54ste gepantserde artilleriebataljon 482

54e Jager Squadron 754

54e Troop Carrier Wing 589 754 893

55th Fighter Group 28 103

55th Troop Carrier Squadron 893

56th Armored Infantry Battalion, 12th Armored Division 493

56th Fighter Group 7 257 283 737 757 765

57th Fighter Group 443 765

58th Armored Field Artillery Battalion 403 476 557

58ste Vleugel van de Bom 467 765 890

500 e Bommen Groep, 73 e Bom Vleugel 599

500th Squadron, 345th Bomb Group, Vijfde Luchtmacht 173 754

501st Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division 92 98 557 893

501st Squadron, 345th Bomb Group, Vijfde Luchtmacht 173 754

502nd Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division 27 91 100 255 327 434 557 893

503rd Parachute Infantry Regiment 173 382 482 754 761 893

503e Parachutistenregiment Gevechtsteam 893

504th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division 255 316 375 382 397 482 557 839 893

504th Regimental Combat Team 482

505th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division 38 100 214 255 316 382 384 387 397 482 893

505e Regimental Combat Team 482

506e Luchtafweerbataljon 217

506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division 92 123 189 255 370 382 384 434 557 844 893

507th Combat Engineer Battalion 893

507th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 17th Airborne Division 96 187 482 893

508th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division 255 482 557 893

508e Regimental Combat Team 482

509e samengestelde groep 169 191 299

509th Parachute Infantry Battalion 382 423 557 839 893

509th Parachute Infantry Regiment 482 629 839

511th Parachute Infantry Regiment 155 893

513th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 17th Airborne Division 19 96 187 893

514th Fighter Squadron, 406th Fighter Group 276

515th Parachute Infantry 893

517e Bombardement Squadron 104

517th Parachute Infantry Regiment 482 557 893

522e Veldartilleriebataljon 578

526e Pantserinfanteriebataljon 97 358 437 557

531e Jachtbommenwerper Squadron 754

531e Squadron, 21e Gevechtsgroep 217

534th Repair Company, Franse 2e Pantserdivisie 174

538e Ordnance Heavy Maintenance Company 437

540th Combat Engineer Group 456

540e Combat Engineer Regiment 456

542e Infanterie Regiment 27

549e Nachtjager Squadron 217

550th Airborne Infantry Battalion 96

550th Glider Infantry Battalion 423 893

551st Parachute Infanteriebataljon 482 893

554e Ordnance Heavy Maintenance Company 437

558 Anti-aircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion 501

558th Bomb Squadron, 387th Bomb Group 422

565th Bomb Squadron, 389th Bomb Group, Negende Luchtmacht 387

570 seinvliegtuigen waarschuwingsbataljon 548

589 Field Artillery Battalion 482 557

590 Field Artillery Battalion 557

591ste Bataljon Veldartillerie 557

592 Field Artillery Battalion 482 557

593 Field Artillery Battalion 264

598 Field Artillery Battalion 557

5307e samengestelde eenheid (voorlopig) "Merrill's Marauders" 33 73 214 227 450 593 893


Bemanning 2468, 565e Bombardement Squadron - Geschiedenis

Air Force Army Air Corps Army Air Force United States Air Force Reserve Air National Guard Civil Air Patrol

Justin-Kossor Air Force Oral History Center

Deze pagina is een reeks links naar biografieën over leden van de luchtmacht, de legerluchtmacht, het legerluchtkorps en de Air National Guard en Civil Air Patrol. De luchtmacht omvat alle eenheden van de luchtmacht, inclusief burgerpersoneel, ROTC.

De onderstaande biografieën zijn door servicemedewerkers of familie per e-mail bij mij ingediend. Als je dergelijke verhalen hebt om in te dienen, stuur me dan een e-mail hieronder. Sommige zijn pagina's elders op internet die ik of anderen hebben gevonden. Laat het me weten als je zo'n pagina ziet. Gebruik uw Back-toets om terug te keren vanaf zo'n pagina. Bedankt en geniet ervan.

Julie Kossor, S/Sgt, 42001740, 389th Bomb Squadron/386th Bomb Squadron, 312th Bomb Group "Roaring 20's", 5th Air Force, USAAF, WWII

Luchtmachtbiografieën van het Justin Museum

Tzolag A. Aaronian, S/Sgt, 565th BS, 389th BG, 8th AF, KIA, WWII, USAAF (nieuw 5/6/01)

Herman M. Adams, T/Sgt, Engineer-Gunner, B-24, 744th Bomb Sqd, 456th Bomb Grp, 15th AF, USAAF (nieuw 11/11/02)

Dominick N. August, 8th Air Force, USAAF (nieuw 1/10/01)

Charles Francis Augustin, Airman 1st Class, 34th Bomb Squadron, Pusan ​​East K-9 Airfield, 17th Bomb Group (L), 5th Air Force, USAF, Koreaanse oorlog (nieuw 14-08-20)

William Aunspaugh, Navigator, B-17 "My Day", 560th BS, 388th BG, 8th AF, USAAF (nieuw 18-05-20)

Dick Bergman, Sr. Airman, Det#3, 136th CSS, Camp Pieri, Duitsland & 6912th RSM, Manhattan AFB, VS, USAF, Koude Oorlog (nieuw 30/4/15)

Eldon E. Bevens, B17-bemanningslid, 8e AF, USAAF, WO II (nieuw 14-3-2020)

The Bigg's Boys, een online boek met gerelateerde RAF-biografieën, door Ken Stofer (bijgewerkt 10/12/01 nieuw 8/4/01)

George Bolden, Lt., 618th Bomb Squadron, 477th Bomb Group, Tuskegee Airman, USAAF (nieuw 15-10-06)

William Bonenberger, korporaal, Badington Air Depot Nummer 1, Badington Air Depot Nummer 2, 8th AF, USAAF (bijgewerkt 31/12/03, nieuw 20/12/03)

George Bragdon, Waist Gunner, P.O.W., U.S.A.A.F. (nieuw 24-8-02)

Richard C. Brown, Bud Brown, S/Sgt., Radio Operator/Mechanic/Kanonnier, 705th Sqdn, 446th Bomb Group, 8th AF, U.S.A.A.F. (nieuw 30/09/01)

William Byer, S/Sgt, 53rd Weather Recon Sqdn, U.S.A.A.F.

Joseph T. Callahan, Kapitein, 390th Bomb Squadron, 42nd Bomb Group, 13th Air Force, USAAF, WWII (nieuw 7/04/06)

Eugene T. Carson, Lt. Col, Flt Eng/Gnr, 560th Bmb Sqdn, 388th Bmb Grp/327th Bmb Sqdn, 92nd Bmb Grp, USAAF, VS (bijgewerkt 19-6-02)

John W. Carson, luitenant-kolonel (T/Sgt), radio-operator/kanonnier, 96th Bomb Sqdn, 2nd Bomb Group, 15th AF, USAAF, USAF (bijgewerkt 13-4-01)

Forrest S. Clark, 67th Sqdn, 44th Bomb Group, 8th AF, USAAF (bijgewerkt 25-5-03)

H. Curt Crouch, S/Sgt, 700th Sqdn, 445th Bmb Grp, 2nd Air Div, 8th A.F., U.S.A.A.F. (nieuw 1/11/00)

Trafford Curry, 100e Bmb Grp, 8e AF, USAAF

Thomas R. Cushman, Kapitein, 613th Squadron, 401st Bomb Group, 8th AF, USAAF

Jack Deuitch, S/Sgt, Gunner, 644th Bomb Sqdn, 410th Bomb Group, 9th AF, USAAF

Orville J. Draeger, 36221319 Gunner, SSGT, 331st Squadron, 94th Bomber Group, Bury St Edmunds, UK & 482nd Bomb Group, 8th AF, USAAF, WWII (nieuw 24/2/2021)

David Edmonds, Lt, 44th Bomb Group, 8th AF, USAAF

Ralph L. Emery, korporaal, 23e Bomb Sqdn, 5e Bomb Group (H), USAAF

Emilio N. Fantasia, T/Sgt, 328th Bomb Squadron, 93rd Bomb Group (H), 8th AF, USAAF (nieuw 17-8-00)

Jim Farley, Mess/Sgt, QM Co & Air Service Company, 458th Bomb Group, 2nd Air Division, AAB 123, Horsham St. Faith, Norwich Engeland, USAAF (nieuw 14/4/01)

Leo Gallagher, Tail Gunner, 565th Bomb Sqdn, 389th Bomb Group, 8th Air Force (nieuw 23-04-20)

Elzylee Gibson, Nose Gunner, Picadillie Lillie, 487e Bmb Grp, 8e AF, USAAF

Bruce Gordon, Maj., Piloot, 94e FIS, USAF, Korea, Vietnam (nieuw 26/2/2021)

Ed Gregory, Sgt1/C, 367e Sqdn, 306e Bmb Grp, 8e AF, USAAF, USAF (bijgewerkt 27-3-01)

Clarence E. Gurnee, T/Sgt., Gunner B25 "Little Joe", 448th Bomb Squadron, 321st Bomb Group, 12th Air Force, U.S.A.A.F. (nieuw 7-10-07)

Karl Haeuser, Mopsy, 410th Bomb Group, 9th AF, USAAF

William Richard (Dick) Hay, 8e AF HQ Sqdrn, USAAF, Okinawa

Art Heiden, Capt, 79th Ftr Sqdn, 20th Ftr Grp, Kingscliffe, 8th AF, USAAF (bijgewerkt 29/4/01)

Carl Heimaster, Crew 6, 724th Sqdn, 451st Bmb Grp, 49th Wg, 15th AF, USAAF

Marion C. Hoffman, 323e Sqdn, 91e Bmb Grp, 8e AF, USAAF (bijgewerkt 18/4/01)

Wally Hoffman, 351st Bomb Group, Polebrook, Engeland, 8th AF, USAAF (bijgewerkt 1/12/07)

James Lafayette Holloway, S/Sgt, B17 Tailgunner, Station #131, Nusthamstead, Engeland, 601st Squadron, 398th Bomb Group, 8th AF, USAAF (bijgewerkt 20/10/03, nieuw 10/10/03)

Ronald Hutchinson, Sgt., Boordwerktuigkundige, Halifax III NA-188 PT-E, 420 Squadron RCAF, Tholthorpe, RAF (nieuw 19-05-20)

Gilbert Hymerling, Training Command, Perry, Florida / Victoria, Texas, U.S.A.A.F. (nieuw 10/10/00)

Robert S. Johnson, Kolonel, Robert S. Johnson, 61st Ftr Sqdn, 56th Ftr Grp, 8th A.F., U.S.A.A.F.

George Kasparian, Detachment #1, OSI, 1005th IG Group, Guam, USAF (bijgewerkt 25/5/01)

Robert J. "Bob" Kilby, Jr., 731e Bmb Sqdn, 452e Bmb Grp, 2e Div, 8e AF, USAAF

Julius Adolph "Julie" Kossor, Biografie van Julius Adolph "Julie" Kossor, S/Sgt, 42001740, 389th Bomb Squadron en 386th Bomb Squadron, 312th Bomb Group "Roaring 20's", 5th Air Force, USAAF, WWII

Fred "Fritz" Kraft, 385th Bomb Group, 3rd Air Division, USAAF (nieuw 5/5/00)

Lawrence Laurie, stafsergeant, tailleschutter,. 731e Squadron, 452e Bomb Group, 8e AF, Stalag Luft IV, USAAF (nieuw 5/7/20)

George Lockwood, Sgt, 467th AAF Base Unit, 43rd ADG, HQ Sqn ​​& 421st Service Squadron & 25th Depot Repair Squadron, 20th AF, USAAF (nieuw 30/10/01)

Benton Earl Lowry, Sr., T/Sgt, 323e Bmb Sdn, 91e Bmb Grp, 8e AF, USAAF

Ben May, boordwerktuigkundige, 420 Squadron RCAF, Bomber Command, RAF, WWII (nieuw 15/12/06)

Reg Miles, Ex Apprentice No 1 S.of TT, RAF, Halton 39th Entry 34 - 67 MUs - 27 A/S Bloemspruit Zuid-Afrika - Lympe Kent, boordwerktuigkundige 432 Squadron RCAF, 420 Squadron RCAF, 6 Group Bomber Command, Eastmoor, Tholthorpe, Yorkshire / 242- 246 - 511 Squadrons Transport Command Lyneham,, RAF (bijgewerkt 5/11/01)

Meyer "Mike" Moldeven, Civil Service, Parachute Rigger, Hickam AFB, Hawaii, WWII & Parachute Acquisition, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio, Korea & Logistical Analyst, Nouasseur AB, Marokko, Cold War & Civilian Deputy, Inspector General's Office, McClellan AFB , Vietnam (nieuw 8-9-02)

William R. Morris, Maj, 92nd Inf Div/93rd Inf Div/99th Pursuit Sqdn, Tuskegee Airman, USA/USAAF/USAFR

Steve Perri, Ball Turret Gunner, B17 Delta Reb #2, 323rd Bmb Sqdn, 91st Bomb Group, 8th AF, U.S.A.A.F. (nieuw 11/02/01)

Harold Howard Pinder, Lt, 67th Squadron, 44th Bomb Group, 8th Air Force, USAAF (nieuw 8-5-2020)

Benjamin "Benny" Randolph, Lt, 410th Bomb Group, 9th AF, USAAF

Malcolm F. Reed, kolonel, bevoorradingsofficier, Gander Air Base, Newfoundland, Middletown, Air Depot, Pennsylvania, WO II, U.S.A.A.F. (nieuw 26/11/01)

George G. Roberts, radio-operator, 367th Bomb Sqd., 306th Bomb Group, USAAF (nieuw 25-8-05)

David Newton Searle-Baker, ex-vliegtuigleerling, nr. 1 school voor technische opleiding, Halton. Buckinghamshire. Engeland. 46th Entry, Fitter II Airframes, Midden-Oosten en West-Europa, RAF (nieuw 1/23/00)

Clyde R. Silvis, 44th Bomb Group, 8th AF, USAAF

Gut E. Smith, luitenant-kolonel, USAAF en USAF, WO II, Korea, Vietnam

Abe Sofferman, T/Sgt, 44th Bomb Group, 8th AF, USAAF

Ellis E. Stanley, Col., 311e Sqdn, 58e FG, Korea, 388e Sqdn, 480e Sqdn, 12e TAC Fighter Wing, Vietnam, USAF (nieuw 29-3-01)

Kenneth H. Stofer, D Squadron, N0.1 Wing, R.A.F. College, Cranwell & Odan, Schotland & mobiele signaaleenheid, #4 Operations Room, St. Thomas Mount, Madras, India & 5836 Mobiele signaleneenheid, 169 Wing, Chiringa, Birma, RAF, RCAF

Victor A. Tarzia, Sgt, Bemanningsleider/Kanonnier, 410th Bomb Group, 9th AF, U.S.A.A.F. (nieuw 1-10-02)

John G. Thiel, Sgt, radio-operator/kanonnier, B-24, 576th Sqdn, 392nd Bomb Group, Kings Lynn, Engeland, 8th AF, USAF (bijgewerkt op 8-12-00)

James T. Twine, MSGT, WWII, USAAF, USAF (nieuw 15-3-04)

Victor H. "Pappy" Ullman, Pappy's Puss, 776th Bmb Sqdn, 464th Bmb Grp, 15th AF, USAAF

George Underwood, S/Sgt, 381e bmb Sqdn, 310e Bmb Grp, 57e Bmb Wg, 12e AF, USAAF (bijgewerkt op 1/2/04)

Peter A. Weston, Lancaster Radar/Radio/Navigator, 186 Sqdn, Stradishall, East Anglia (Tweede Wereldoorlog)/ 45 Sqdn (Maleisië)/ 209 Sqdn (Korea), RAF (bijgewerkt 22-4-01)

A. Edward (Abe) Wilen, Navigator, Crew #8, 732nd Bomb Squadron, 453rd Bomb Group, 8th Air Force, POW, WWII, USAAF (nieuw 2/1/05)

Reed Will, 387th Bmb Sdn/562nd Bmb Sqdn, Knettishal Engeland, USAAF

Arnold Yellin, Sgt., 153e AACS (Army Airways Communications System), Albrook Field, Kanaalzone (bijgewerkt 13/4/01)

Luchtmachtbiografieën op internet

U moet uw Terug-toets gebruiken om terug te keren

Ernest E. Allen, F/Lt, piloot, 59 Squadron, Coastal Command & OTU Nassau, Bahama's, WO II, RCAF

Clarence E. "Bud" Anderson, P-51 Mustang "Old Crow", 357th Fighter Group "Yoxford Boys", 8th Air Force

Clair Levi Annis, Air Marshal, Chief of Tactical Services / Station Linton on Ouse / Station Granger / 10 Squadron, RCAF

John VanWinkle Avrett, schutter, B17 Whale Tail II, 8th AF, USAAF

Walter Harvey Annis, radio-operator/schutter, 376th Heavy Bombardment Group, 15th AF, USAAF

Joe Baggs, Bombadier, 384e Bmb Grp, 8e AF, USAAF

Chuck Baisden, M/Sgt, 3rd Sqdn, AVG / 1st Air Commando, World War Two & 80th FB Sqdn, 8th FB Grp / 93rd Bmb Sqdn, 19th Bmb Wng, Korea / KC 97 Boom Operator, Koude Oorlog

Dewayne Bennett, B17 piloot, 545th Sqdn, 384th Bomb Group, 8th AF

Dale Van Blair, staartschutter, 715e bom. Sqdn., 448ste Bom. Groep & 564th Bomb Sqdn., 389th Bomb Group, USAAF

"Wild Bill" Boyd, P38F-5 piloot, 28th Photo Recon Sqdn, WWII

James "Brad" Bradshaw, Capt, 79e Ftr Sqdn, 20e Ftr Grp, 8e AF, Kingscliffe, USAAF

John J. Briol, 748e Sqdn, 457e Bmb Grp, 8e AF, USAAF

Stan K. Brock, Crew Chief, Lonesome Lil, 11th Tac Rec Sqdn, USAF, Korea, Koude Oorlog

Elmer J. Costales, Capt, Elmer's Tune, 335th Bmb Sqdn, 95th Bmb Grp (H), 13th Wing, 3rd Division, 8th AF, Stalag Luft 1, USAAF

Allen J. Diefendorf, Col., 367th Ftr Grp/49th Ftr-Bmbr Grp/557th TAC-Ftr Sqn, USAAF/USAF, WO II, Korea, Vietnam

Leo Ensminger, 778th Sqdn, 801st BG / 492nd BG, Special Ops, USAAF

Stanley K. Flentje, luitenant-kolonel, B47 Pilot, 344th Bmb Sqdn, 98th Bmb Grp/ C124 Pilot, Danang/ ADC/NORAD, USAF, Vietnam, Koude Oorlog

Frank Freeman, Ball Turret Gunner, The Sandman, 97e Bmb Grp, 15e AF, USAAF

Edmund C. Fowler, Capt, 672e Sqdn, 417 Bmb Grp, 5e AF, USAAF

Herbert Hall (Henry Hall), waarnemend Flight Lieutenant, Chain Home Radar Station Dover & Chain Home Radar Station Worth Matravers & No.265 M.R.U. & No.264 M.R.U. & No.269 M.R.U. & No.261 M.R.U. & amp nr. 1 RI & amp MU & No. 75 Signals Wing Headquarters & RAF Radar Station Thorpeness & RAF Radar Station Ventnor, RAF, WWII

Harry Hansell, F.Sgt., Halifax Mid Upper Gunner, 427 Squadron, 434 Squadron, KIA, WWII, RCAF

Herbert C. "Herb" Harper, MSgt, 345th Bomb Squadron, 98th Bomb Group/310th Bmb Grp, USAF, Korea, Koude Oorlog

Jack M. Ilfrey , Col, CO 79th Ftr Sqdn, 20th Ftr Grp, Kingscliffe, 8th AF, USAAF

Ambury Newton Jarvis, Flying Officer, Lancaster ED387, 50 Squadron, Bomber Command, RAF

Henry L. "Hank" Marois, Jr., Electronic Warfare Officer, 11e Sqdn, USAF, Koude Oorlog

Arvin "Mac" McCauley, 97e Bmb Grp, 15e AF, USAAF

John McConnon, 2nd Lt., 376th Bomb Group, 15th Air Force, USAAF (nieuw 14-8-00)

TSgt Samuel E. McGowan en Delmar D. McGowan, 328e Bmb Squdrn, 93e Bmb Grp, 2e Div, 8e AF & 492e Sqdn/367e Bmb Squdrn., USAAF

Sam McGowan, C-130 vliegtuigbemanning, 35th Troop Carrier Squadron / 463rd Troop Carrier Wing, USAF Vietnam

Theodore R. "Dick" Newell, piloot, 12e Tac Rec Sqdn, USAF, Korea

Joseph J. Novak, S/Sgt, 674th Bombardment Squadron (L), 417th Bombardment Group (L), 5th Air Force, USAAF (toegevoegd 4-6-01)

Max Pyles, T/Sgt, 79e Ftr Sqdn, 20e Ftr Grp, Kingscliffe, 8e AF, USAAF

A. Willard Reese, 1st Lt, That's My Baby, 751st Sqdn, 457th Bmb Grp, 8th AF, (Site voor 457th By Mr. Reese, inclusief zijn oorlogsgeschiedenis)

Phil Rowe, 327th Bomb Squadron, 92nd Bombardment Wing(H)/ 305th Bomb Wing/ 12th Tac Rec Sqdn, USAF, Koude Oorlog, Vietnam

Dick Rutan, luitenant-kolonel, piloot, F-100, TAC, USAF, Vietnam, piloot Voyager

Frank Ernest "Bunny" Rymills, Sqdn Ldr, 58 Sqdn / 138 Sqdn / 161 Sqdn / 644 Sqdn, Special Operations, RAF WWII, Malaya

Dagboek van Guiseppe A. Siciliano, S/Sgt, Eng/Gunner, A20#714 "Dexter's Dragon", 646th Bomb Sqdn, 410th Bomb Group, Unit History, 9th AF, USAAF

Irv Shapiro, Flt Eng, 410e Bmb Sqdn, 8e AF, USAAF

Charles R. Skinner, Lt, 464th Bmb Group, 15th AF, USAAF

C. V. Soderstrom, 434 Sdn, Bomber Command, RCAF, KIA, WO II

Edward J. Steiner, JAG, IO 20th Ftr Grp, Kingscliffe, 8th AF, USAAF

Harlyn Glen Turner, CM/Sgt., Ball Gunner, B-24 Little Rollo, 707th Bmb Sqdn, 446th BG, 8th AF, WWII, USAAF & 92nd Bomb Group & 98th Bomb Group, Post War, 35th FB Sqddn, Korea, diverse andere berichten, Koude Oorlog, USAF

Harold Walder, Navigator, B26s, 11e Tac Rec Sqdn, USAF, Korea

James D. Waldrop, Sgt, Repulsive Raider, Crew 15 42-78088, 777th Bmb Sqdn, 464th Bmb Grp, 15th AF, USAAF, verschillende pagina's met slechte links (bemanningsrooster), (bemanningsgeschiedenis), (Mission Descriptions No1, No2 , No 3, No 4, No 5, No 6, No 7, No 8, No 9, No 10, No 11, No 12, Crewup, No 13, No 14, D-Day, No 15, No 16, No 17), Formation No 17, Last Mission Together, 777th Crew Fates, Links, zie fotopagina voor fotolinks

Cy Wilson, Col, CO 20th Ftr Grp, Kingscliffe, 8th AF, USAAF

Henry Alexander Wiltse, 1st Lt, 719th Bmb Squdn, 449th Bmb Grp, 15th AF / 712th Bmb Sqdn, 448th Bmb Grp, 8th AF, USAAF

Veel van de verhalen in het online James F. Justin Museum voor Militaire Geschiedenis zijn nu in paperback en Kindle ebook-formaat, en er komen er meer aan, bekijk

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2nd Bomb Group, Unit Association Homepage met personeelsdatabase en meer

98th Bomb Group, The Pyramiders, Unit Homepage met verhalen, geschiedenis en meer

20th Fighter Group, door Syd Edwards, met informatie over 55th, 78th & 79th Sqdns, 20th Ftr Grp, Kingscliffe, 8th AF, USAAF

31st Squadron, RAF, Unit Homepage met verhalen, unitgeschiedenis en meer

90th Bomb Group Page, 319th, 320th, 321st, 400th Bomb Squadrons, Memorial Page met foto's info

367th Fighter Group Pagina, Pagina betreffende eenheid van 392nd, 393rd, 394th Sqdns met foto's, contact, geschiedenis en reünie info

381st Bomb Group Page, eenheidspagina op 532, 533, 534 & 535 Squadrons

392nd Bomb Group Page, Squadrons, Unit History, Stories, Photos

America At War, een interactieve WO II-geschiedenispagina met foto's en interviews met veteranen

Beaufighter Squadrons, Plane Type Page met geschiedenis van eenheden en biografieën van de bemanning

B17 Combat Crewmen and Wingmen, Veterans Gallery, een site gewijd aan de B17-bemanning met biografieën en meer

B17 Virtual Tour, een site met foto's van vliegende B17 interieur en exterieur

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Comrades and Colleagues, een contactpagina voor veteranen uit het VK, Nieuw-Zeeland, Australië, met een vergoeding van zes pond voor volledige toegang

Flying Tigers, The Film, Roster, Website van een PBS-documentaire over de Flying Tigers

Flying Tigers, The Film, Veteran Interviews, Website van een PBS-documentaire over de Flying Tigers

Zware bommenwerpers uit de Tweede Wereldoorlog, pagina gewijd aan Amerikaanse bommenwerpers, eenheden en bemanningen

Zware bommenwerpers: onderzoeksgids, instructies voor het onderzoeken van veteranenrecords

K-14 Home Page, pagina op 11e, 12e en 6166e Tac Rec Sqdns gebaseerd op Kimpo AB, Korea, USAF

The Radar Pages, Site Devoted to British Air Defense Radar of WWII, with oral histories

Reunion Page, Notices of reunions and links to reunion pages

Robert Quirk's Page, Many RAF history related biographies

Special Operations Executive, SOE, Website devoted to English Special Ops Units with biographies

The Online DC-3 Aviation Museum A Webpage about the DC-3, C-47, R4D aircraft and their crews

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Crew 2468, 565th Bombardment Squadron - History

Aircraft History
Built by Boeing at Seattle. Constructors Number 2279. On December 20, 1941 delivered to the U.S. Army Air Force (USAAF) as B-17E Flying Fortress serial number 41-2468 and flown to Sacramento Air Depot (SAD).

Oorlogsgeschiedenis
Assigned to the 5th Air Force (5th AF), 7th Bombardment Group (7th BG), 9th Bombardment Squadron (9th BS). No known nose art or nickname. During the January 1942 departed MacDill Field piloted by 1st Lt. Robert E. Northcutt via the "African Route" to Java in the Netherlands East Indies (NEI). On January 18, 1942 arrives Malang Airfield on Java.

Missie Geschiedenis
On January 25, 1942 at 7:00am took off from Singosari Airfield on Java pilot by 1st Lt. Robert E. Northcutt on a mission to bomb the Japanese convoy off Balikpapan on southeast Borneo. The formation included six from the 19th BG plus two from the 7th BG. After bombing the landing force, the B-17s were intercepted and experienced bad weather that consumed more fuel than anticipated. Low on fuel, force landed wheels up on the beach on Madera Island to the east of Java.

Wrakstuk
Afterwards, the crew attempted to burn or destroy the B-17 to prevent it from being captured. Possibly, this B-17 was captured by the Japanese and might have been stripped for usable parts or salvaged. Ultimate fate unknown, likely scrapped or otherwise disappeared.

Referenties
Other sources incorrectly state this B-17 was assigned to the 19th BG in Java on January 18, 1942 and force landed on mudflats 15 miles northeast of Bangkalan on Java.
USAF Serial Number Search Results - B-17E Flying Fortress 41-2468
"2468 delivered Sacramento Dec 20, 1941. Assigned 19th BG, 93rd BS Java Jan 18, 1942. Arrived African Route Jan 19, 1942. Transferred to 19th BG on Java. Following raid, Jan 25, 1942, made wheels up landing on mudflats 15 miles N.E. of Bangkalan, Java. Abandoned. May have been captured by Japanese forces and stripped for parts."
Fortress Against The Sun (2001) pages 117 (January 18, 1942 arrival Malang), 120 (January 25, 1942 Balikpapan mission), 385 (SN list), 409 (footnotes 1, 4)

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389th Bomb Group

Erected 1986 by 389th Bomb Group Association and 2nd Air Division Association.

Onderwerpen. This memorial is listed in these topic lists: Air & Space &bull War, World II.

Plaats. 39° 46.783′ N, 84° 6.776′ W. Marker is in Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, in Montgomery County. Marker (Memorial #141) is in the Memorial Park of the National Museum of the United States Air Force, with museum access off Springfield Street. Raak aan voor kaart. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1100 Spaatz Street, Dayton OH 45433, United States of America. Raak aan voor een routebeschrijving.

Andere markeringen in de buurt. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 345th Bombardment Group (here, next to this marker) 376th Heavy Bombardment Group (a few steps from this marker) 805th Engineer Aviation Battalion (a few steps from this marker) 459th Bomb Group (H) (a few steps from this marker) 392nd Bomb Group (Heavy) (a few steps from this marker) 341st Fighter Squadron (a few steps from this marker) 452nd Bombardment Group

(a few steps from this marker) Staff Sgt Joseph J. Terbay (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.

Zie ook . . .
1. NMUSAF Memorial Park Diagram. (Submitted on July 11, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. 389th Bombardment Group (Heavy). (Submitted on July 11, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. 389th Bomb Group (H) Official Site. (Submitted on July 11, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)


Crew 2468, 565th Bombardment Squadron - History

The Story behind the Bulverhythe Liberator Crash of December 1943

David E P Dennis LCGI RAF

Invoering

After many hours of research I have found the crash site of the famous United States Army Air Force Liberator Bomber called ‘Unstable Mabel.

The town of St Leonards-on-Sea in Sussex, England, is located between the towns of Hastings and Bexhill. The road joining the two, is called Bexhill Road and has been given the road number A259. As the A259 goes past Glyne Gap, the entrance to the ancient harbour of Bulverhythe, it then passes the remains of the medieval chapel of St Mary’s at Abbey Drive and within a few yards comes to a road called Freshfields.

Stretching from Freshfields to the Combe Haven River (formerly the Asten) is a large area of open fields and marshes know as Combe Valley. In 1928, the local council decided to make a recreation ground at the backs of the houses on Bexhill Road. In early 1927, the field was bulldozed flat and became known as Bulverhythe Recreation Ground.

On the 6th April 1927, Edward, Prince of Wales (later to fall for Wallis Simpson, to shake hands with Adolf Hitler, to become King Edward VIII and finally to abdicate), came to Hastings to open the new White Rock Pavilion. He then witnessed the handing-over ceremony of the area called the Firehills (now Hastings Country Park) which the council had purchased to prevent housing development from spreading from Fairlight Cove.

Prince Edward and Wallis Simpson: Source: Wikimedia Commons

Prince Edward was then asked to travel from Hastings to Bulverhythe where he officially opened the long rectangle of the newly flattened recreation ground. It had two football pitches on its south side which had been provided for Hastings Rangers Football Club. The pitch to the west became the home for Hastings Rangers as they entered the County League. They moved their team HQ to the recreation ground in 1928.

To the north of Bulverhythe Recreation Ground (considered to be in the district of Pebsham), and now called Tier 1 in the Hastings Planning Department) was an extensive area of scrubland and marsh in the valley of the Combe Haven which had already been used to build a railway viaduct taking trains from Sidley, Bexhill’s second station – officially called Bexhill (West) to Crowhurst and on to London.

The viaduct – a low-level approach air hazard – especially at night.

Bluebell Railway Archive – John J Smith Collection

The immediate area of land to the north of the flattened recreation ground (now called Tier 2) was seen by air ace Sir Alan Cobham, a member of the Royal Flying Corps in World War I, who wrote to Hastings Council in 1930 suggesting that it be used as an airfield to convey fruit and vegetables from markets in France and to export English goods.

Instead of acting immediately, the council prevaricated and decided instead to use some of the waste ground by the river as an uncontrolled waste tip. In those days, councils were being advised by the government that they should find areas with cracked bedrock so that the leachate would flow away ‘harmlessly’ into local rivers. This was eventually stopped by the Sunday Times scoop revealing the damage to the environment and a new preventative Act of Parliament quickly followed.

Nevertheless, some ‘self-help’ air activity did begin in the 1930s on Tier 2. The area immediately to the north of Tier 2 (now called Tier 3) became a rubbish dump.

In early September 1939 the United Kingdom and France both declared war on Germany after the Nazis invaded Poland. The Second World War had begun.

Bexhill Road and Combe Valley 1940: Source Bexhill Musuem

An aerial photograph taken from an RAF bomber in 1940 shows Bulverhythe recreation ground which by then also had a cricket pitch and a pavilion. The photo also shows that a fence line ran from north to south across Tier 2 which eventually became Pebsham aerodrome. This fence is significant to our story.

Air enthusiasts continued to push the council for an aerodrome. So the council kindly said that they would bulldoze the uncontrolled rubbish tip material so far accumulated, over the area of Tier 2 so that an aerodrome could be built on the flattened rubbish overlain with earth and concrete.

Remarkably, during the 1932 to 1934 period when bulldozing took place, a Norman Longboat with Dacian Wolfhead prow was unearthed. But the digger driver was instructed by Hastings Council managers, to quickly bury it again rather than delay the airfield’s completion. It is still there to this day.

Scene from the Bayeux Tapestry showing a Norman Longboat with Dacian Wolfshead Prow : Source Wikimedia Commons

The Pebsham aerodrome of the Hastings and East Sussex Air Service was eventually officially opened on 27th August 1948. It was rough and ready and looked like this in 1952:

Pebsham Aerodrome 1952: Source: Wikimedia Commons

However, during the Second World War, Tier 1 remained a sports ground and Tier 2 was only partly flat with a fence line across it. It was not yet an official landing strip specified for use in wartime.

On 7th December 1941, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbour, thus bringing the United States of America into the war. US forces moved into England.

In 1942 an RAF Station was newly-built seven miles south-west of Norwich in Norfolk, England and given the number Station 114 (ICAO EGSK). It was handed over on completion to the United States Army Air Force (USAAF).

RAF Hethel: Source US Air Museum

As the war became a struggle for the survival of democratic civilisation, on 14th September 1943, RAF Hethel became the headquarters of the 2nd Combat Bombardment Wing of the 2nd Bombardment Division.

With the completion of the airfield facility, RAF Hethel was assigned to several Bomb Groups. The Group we are interested in is the 389th Bombardment Group (Heavy), known as the ‘Sky Scorpions’ arriving from Lowry AAF, Colorado on 11 June 1943. The 389th was assigned to the 2nd Combat Bombardment Wing, and the group tail code was a “Circle-C”.

De operationele squadrons waren:

564th Bombardment Squadron (YO)

565th Bombardment Squadron (EE)

566th Bombardment Squadron (RR)

567th Bombardment Squadron (HP)

The group flew Consolidated B-24 Liberators as part of the Eighth Air Force’s strategic bombing campaign. Because the aircraft were required to fly on long missions, their normal range of 800 miles was boosted to 2,000 miles by the additional fitting of extra aircraft fuel tanks, called Tokyo Tanks in July 1943. These extra fuel tanks did not have fuel gauges.

DAYTON, Ohio — Consolidated B-24D Liberator at the National Museum of the United States Air Force. (foto van de Amerikaanse luchtmacht)

The group received a Distinguished Unit Citation for the detachment’s participation in the famed low-level attack against oil refineries at Ploesti on 1 August 1943.

The group was frequently detached overseas and took part in some remarkable attacks on the enemy. However, the group resumed operations from England in October 1943 concentrating primarily on strategic objectives in France, the Low Countries, and Germany.

Significantly, in October 1943, the 564th Bombardment Squadron (YO) squadron was assigned to very long-range strategic bombardment operations over Occupied Europe and Nazi Germany. Targets included industrial facilities, oil production facilities and refineries, rail and other transportation centres, enemy military airfields and garrisons.

Because of their outstanding bravery, their morale was high. Many Liberator bombers had images painted on their sides. The 564th Bomb Squadron aircraft we are most interested in, had this illustration – called ‘Unstable Mabel’, despite the aircraft really being called ‘John the Baptist’. Unstable Mabel was one of the famous aircraft paintings of women in a state of undress.

Unstable Mabel artwork: Source Imperial War Museum

It had the serial number B-24D/63957/YO:E. The full serial was 42-63957 with the year designator abbreviated on the airframe, resulting in 263957.

It was piloted by Captain Frank Wilby Ellis Jr. and had a crew of ten. It was fitted with long range Tokyo Tanks.

On the early morning of 31st December 1943, Captain Ellis, who had been commissioned on the 25 th May 1938, (Service number 34843) – was tasked to fly Unstable Mabel on what might be called the Brandy and Cheese Run – with bomb load of between 5,000lbs (tactical) and 12,800lbs (max) to destroy a target somewhat north east of a line drawn between Cognac and Rochefort, south-western France. He was given the following attack co-ordinates:

His aircraft was fully fuelled to maintain a forward air speed of 220 mph using 200 US gallons per hour. He was to strike the target between 12.11 and 12.35 hours.

Cognac is in the Charente Department, Nouvelle Aquitaine, situated between Angouleme and Saintes – a very long way from RAF Hethel in East Anglia.

The specific target near Cognac was Saint-Jean d’Angély-Fontenet airfield (French: Aèrodrome Saint-Jean d’Angély-Fontenet) an airfield 390 kilometres southwest of Paris. See an article on this target here:

The airfield was built by the French Ministry of War in 1937. In 1939 the barrack buildings for radio-telegraphists were installed. In 1940 Jagdgeschwader 53 was stationed at the airfield.

Jagdgeschwader 53 crews on standby: Source Wikimedia Commons

Through World War 2, the airfield served as a Luftwaffe fighter base, for which the Germans added dispersal areas, taxi tracks and asphalt roads. Just before the arrival of the Allies in 1944, the Germans destroyed their remaining equipment, which had already been hard hit because of Allied bombing.

Unstable Mabel was part of a huge bombing strategy in which 94 bombers were assigned to carry to multiple targets, some 181,850 tonnes of bombs (this works out to 3870lb or bombs per aircraft in short tonnes and 4333lb per aircraft in long tonnes.)

The normal mission profile would be to gain high altitude for a long-range mission. This used up fuel and further fuel was needed to maintain airspeed in the thin high atmosphere. You can imagine the roar of the engines and the shaking of the fuselage, as minute by tense minute these brave men pursued their mission.

B-24 airplane suitable for long, over-water missions: Source USAAF Air Museum

After perhaps five or six-hours flying time, Unstable Mabel reached the Cognac area, a journey of some 1,000 miles from RAF Hethel, and bombed its airfield target.

Having bombed his primary, then Captain Ellis decided to go for a target of opportunity – the Nazi submarine pens on the French coast at La Rochelle, some 50 miles to the north west of Cognac. La Rochelle is a major seaport and capital of Charente-Maritime and contained the la Pallice Nazi wolfpack submarine base in massive concrete housings.

La Pallice Wolfpack Installation La Rochelle: Source Wikimedia Commons

The aircraft turned, flew on for maybe 20 minutes and having dropped all its bombs near Cognac and La Rochelle, Unstable Mabel turned for home – yet taking a direct bearing on RAF Hethel would be a risky thing because of German air activity over France.

Unstable Mabel had to fly back for another five or six hours. But this time it was lighter with no bombs so made faster progress until it hit fuel problems.

Nevertheless, Unstable Mabel with her crew of ten made it to the edge of the English Channel, but either the fuel flow from the Tokyo Tanks became totally restricted or the whole fuel tanks system was almost empty. Then running out of fuel, not surprisingly, considering its massive mission, the aircraft descended and then – according to some eyewitnesses, burst into flames.

Captain Ellis gave the order to the crew to bale out over the coast of England at Pebsham (a parachute pack has been found on a house roof), but he heroically stayed with the aircraft.

Cockpit of the Consolidated B-24D Liberator “Strawberry Bitch.” (U.S. Air Force photo)

Coming much lower, he avoided striking the railway aqueduct. Then looking round over Pebsham, using only the light of the moon in its waxing crescent and the downward glare of the fire from his burning aircraft, he sought a possible landing ground – a dark patch of ground, maybe glistening with recent rain. He lined up parallel to the blacked-out houses of Bexhill Road. He could see that the Tier 2 fence line would impact with the aircraft if he chose the rough ground to the north of Bulverhythe Recreation Ground, so he alone put the aircraft down on the rain-soaked and frequently flooded Bulverhythe Recreation Ground, in the dark of the winter evening – the sun having set on 31 st December at 16.02 hours.

The burning airframe slewed across the grass, struck the sports pavilion, totally destroying it down to the foundation brickwork, then shot across the drainage ditch at the back of the houses on Bexhill Road and landed up in the gardens of three houses, destroying some property including a greenhouse. Captain Ellis and his crew all survived. Unstable Mabel burned.

Then the bureaucracy of wartime Britain took over. The assessment of damage did not take place until 13 th May 1944, some five months later – understandable in this dreadful war. D. W. Jackson of The Borough of Hastings, Town Clerk’s Department logged the damage in the Register of Damage to Property Directly Consequent upon Bombardment or Attack from the Air – Folder BDR 24 Report 117A states:

󈬏 st December 1943 Bulverhythe Recreation Ground, Bexhill Road – USA Bomber Impact.”

It has not missed my notice that ‘Bulverhythe’ means ‘the landing place of the people’. It was once the harbour of the ancient Saxon settlement of Bullington, mentioned in the Domesday Book.

The 389th Bomb Group flew its last combat mission late in April 1945. It returned to Charleston AAF, South Carolina on 30 May 1945 and was inactivated on 13 September 1945.

Brave Liberator-24 pilot Frank Wilby Ellis Jr. earned many medals:

  • Air Force Longevity Service Award with 3 oak leaf clusters
  • Air Medal with 3 oak leaf clusters
  • American Campaign Medal
  • American Defence Medal
  • Distinguished Flying Cross with 1 oak leaf cluster
  • European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
  • National Defence Service Medal
  • World War II Victory Medal

He was eventually promoted to Lieutenant Colonel.

In a deeply sad incident, he was killed in crash of TB-47B “Stratojet” #50-0076 on 18 December 1957 while serving as its pilot. Also killed were Maj. Thomas M. Esmond (Aircraft Commander) and Capt. Frank F. Harradine (Flight Surgeon).

The Stratojet pilot, Colonel Ellis was trying to land in thick fog at March Air Force Base near the Mount Palomar Giant Telescope in California. However, it veered and struck the mountain and exploded.

Stratojet using rocket assisted take-off: Source: USAF Air Library

In this Liberator-24 crash at Bulverhythe, it was a miracle that no-one was killed. The exceptional determination of Captain Ellis to save his crew and then to try and save his aircraft reveals exemplary courage.

UNRESOLVED MATTERS

The following aspects of this incident need to be resolved:

1. The bomb load and fuel upload are all estimates based on typical Liberator operations and need further clarification to ensure accurate historical records.

2. It is not clear if the submarine pens were a target of opportunity or a planned secondary target, so the logbook is needed. I have written to the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom to ask for help in finding the logbook.

3. Possible espionage. Although using Occam’s Razor, it would make sense to assume that there were 10 crew members, all of whom survived, some Liberators did have 11 crew spaces due to having 4 waist gunner spaces. Also some Liberators carried ‘Joe’ and ‘Jane’ spies to drop into France. There is a very outside chance that:

A spy who did not drop over France then was lost from the Liberator over Pebsham and the matter was covered up. However, the parachute pack was almost certainly ‘dumped’ to save weight in our opinion. Once again, the logbook would resolve this matter.

To learn about how the Liberator 24D bombers were used in espionage – go here:

4. What exactly did Captain Ellis write in his logbook to detail the remarkable escape he and his crew had in this crash?

5. Although we can see a note in the Liberator mission records saying ‘10RTD’ (ten returned to duty), because Bexhill Hospital wartime records are no longer extant, we cannot find out if any crew members were injured in the crash or if anyone died later from wounds. Help by US authorities is needed here to check with crew relatives.

6. How was the airframe removed from the crash site, was any of it preserved elsewhere, or were part of it recycled to other airframes?

7. Is part of the undercarriage still in the water-filled ditch? The crash site is on a flood plain in a naturally winter-flooded valley.

8. Was the waterlogged nature of the recreation ground so wet that the quarter moon reflection enabled the pilot to see the ground despite the national blackout regulations? The weather records for the area in 1943 show that it had rained several times in December 1943, including one day of 28mm on the 19 th December. Since the water table rises in winter on this flood plain, the ground is often totally flooded or saturated.

9. How did the remaining 9 (or 10) crew get rescued after they para-dropped from the burning aircraft? Did they walk to a police station or were they found and helped by the local population and air raid wardens?

10. How (and when) did the crew get back to RAF Hethel?

11. Exact state of Bulverhythe Recreation Ground at the time of crash landing? Here are some photos showing photos of the varying water levels on this natural flood plain of the Combe Haven in a winter-flooded valley.

If you have any information about this air crash or the pilot, please email me at:

EVIDENCE AVAILABLE

Picture of the nose cone end of Unstable Mable with naked woman illustration.

Photo examples of Liberators.

4. The Hastings Borough Council signed damage report documents for the crash of an ‘American Bomber’ on Bulverhythe Recreation Ground on 31 st December 1943.

5. Certification acceptance of the key facts and emails from and to:

Tom Fullam, Library and Information Assistant

Second Air Division Memorial Library

Second Air Division Memorial Library, The Forum, Norwich, NR2 1AW

6. Email conversations with Imperial War Museum and Air Museum Duxford.

7. Advice on the law and preservation of air crash wrecks: Sussex Police PCSO Daryl Holter, Sussex Police Heritage Officer.

8. UK Ministry of Defence MOD War Detectives – the Joint Casualty and Compassionate Centre Commemorations Team: JCCC
Innsworth House
Imjin Barracks
Gloucester
GL3 1HW

Legal Aspects

The aircraft crashed at what is now part of Combe Valley Countryside Park, land owned by Hastings Borough Council, which they call ‘Tier 1’.

I have applied to MOD for permission to excavate the site because I think some parts of the airframe may be in a water-filled ditch which runs at the back of the three houses affected by the crash. Accordingly, the Ministry of Defence has specified me as the ‘named person’ for this crash excavation application in accordance with the Protection of Military Remains Act (1986). .

Key Importance of Conservation and Commemoration:

As English Heritage and Historic England both state: ‘The majority of aircraft losses in the 20th century have been related to military activity, and therefore they are automatically protected under the Protection of Military Remains Act (1986). Therefore, the records of aircraft crash sites across the Study Area are of interest although the records appear to indicate Recorded Losses rather than known remains on the seabed, if these aircraft were to be found they would be of high importance.

Non-designated aircraft crash sites are also important, because they provide a tangible reminder of the development of the aviation industry in the UK throughout the 20th century. Because aircraft crash sites belong to recent history, they can also have significance survivors and relatives may exist, and the sites can be important for remembrance and commemoration. Aircraft crash sites also have importance through their cultural value as historic artefacts and for the information they contain about the aircraft itself and its circumstances of loss (English Heritage 2002a Wessex Archaeology 2008b). These can be considered important for remembrance and commemoration.’

You can also read about the importance of the site here

I am a Trustee of the national charity called Friends of Combe Valley and I am also fundraiser, historian and warden co-ordinator for Combe Valley.

Dankbetuigingen

I would like to acknowledge with thanks the great help of Alexis Markwick of Bexhill Museum support team, David Hatherell, air historian, Tom Fullam at the USAAF Air Library, Norwich and Sussex Police Heritage Officer Daryl Holter – and my dear wife Margaret for putting up with me while I researched it all.

David E P Dennis LCGI RAF

Copyright 2020 All photographs are mine except where stated under the image.

If any errors have been made in Copyright attribution, please let me know and they will be immediately corrected.


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